On Sunday of Orthodoxy, the first Sunday of Great Lent, we commemorate the "Triumph of Orthodoxy", the "restoration" of icons in the church and their use in Orthodox worship. This year in the Saint Steven's Serbian Orthodox Cathedral in Alhambra, California, on Sunday, March 5, 2017, His Grace Bishop Maxim, together with the parish clergy and parishioners, celebrated the Hierarchical Diving Liturgy followed by the special Sunday of Orthodoxy commemorated service with the proclamation and processsion with holy icons.
“We venerate Thy most Pure image, O Good One, and ask forgiveness of our transgressions, O Christ our God.Of Thy good Will Thou wast pleased to ascend the Cross in the flesh, and deliver Thy creatures from bondage to the enemy.Therefore with thankfulness we cry aloud to Thee, Thou hast filled all things with joy, O our Savior.For Thou came to save the world.”
STS. SEBASTIAN & MARDARIJE ORTHODOX INSTITUTE III - DAY THREE
HOW CAN PSYCHOLOGICAL KNOWLEDGE ASSIST IN SPIRITUAL LIFE?
Day Three of the Sts. Sebastian and Mardarije Orthodox Institute
Following Orthros and a continental breakfast on Thursday morning, on the feast day of the Holy and Righteous Simeon the God-receiver Anna, the final plenary session began, entitled: How Can Psychologic Knowledge Assist in Spiritual Life?
Fr. Vasileios spoke of the many misunderstandings that feed the controversy between psychology and theology. Distinctions, however, should be made so that we know to differentiate between issues, mental disorders and problems that can be addressed by a priest and those which require professional psychologists. Interestingly enough, according to some studies patients tend to first go to the minister. Mental disorder are of the mental functions such as our thoughts, feelings and desires. When they are disturbed we have disorders. These disorders have been emphasized by modernity and is one reason people seek fiction in order to cultivate their emotional world, to reflect on their own inner space.
Psychology, in other words, is the fundamental language today just as philosophy was in the first centuries after Christ. While the two have their own respective vocabularies we need to strive to capture the relationship between the two worlds, discovering why there are so many tensions between the two. In fact, we find much psychology in the Patrisitic writings beginning with the Holy Apostle Paul who writes about anger, St. Basil and St. John Chrysostom who write on pedagogical principles, St. John of Sinah on narcissism and so on. Psychology studies the laws of human beings after the fall because no one functions outside of these laws and therefore they apply to all of us. A progress in spiritual life lessens the power of psychological laws. For instance, anger issues can be addressed pastorally and result in one not only not having struggling with anger but loving one's enemies.
The role of theology is to reveal the begining and the eschata, in other words, to give meaning to our lives. Theology respects science but places the priority on spirituality. It does not deal with how I function in a corrupted nature but why I exist, which psychology does not deal with. On the other hand, science and psychology can help us cope with depression and anxiety for instance. Without psychological intervention these two very disorders would otherwise cause us to sin. Also, psychology promotes a healthier relationship with God when we examine and are faced with our responsibility which leads to honesty and humility and ultimately to love.
We have to avoid not recognizing psychologic laws but we also can't overemphasize these very laws. The truth about beings is ontology. For the Orthodox the real truth about beings is the ontological one but because we have mental functions (thoughts, feelings, desires) we perceive the world psychologically. The psychological element is the projection of the ontological element, it's how we perceive it. The capacity to love, for instance, is an ontological element. An extreme example would be St. Mary's capacity to love which was distorted. Later, when it was healed, this enormous feeling for love was geared towards God and as a result we see her extreme ascetism, real ascetism which cannnot exist without love.
While Fr. Vasileios advocates the use of psychology it can be misused as it is in some parts of the Christian world, particularly in the West, where it ultimately ceases being a theology that leads to sanctification. This opposite extreme is fundamentalism which refuses to have any dialogue with the world or science. He concluded that pastoring without psychology is blind just as therapy without thelogy is unfilled.
Dr. Stevan Harris a psychologist and parishioner of the Nativity of the Most Holy Theotokos parish in Orange County served as moderator and led the discussion that followed.
STS. SEBASTIAN & MARDARIJE ORTHODOX INSTITUTE III - DAY TWO
The second full day of the Sts. Sebastian and Mardarije Orthodox Institute began early in the morning Wednesday, February 15, 2017, the feast day of the Meeting of the Lord, with the Holy Hierarchical Divine Liturgy officiated by His Grace Bishop Irinej of Eastern America and His Grace Bishop Maxim of Western America, the host hierarch and the concelebration of a number of diocesan and visiting clergy. In his homily following the liturgy Bishop Irinej spoke of the gift of the encounter with Christ that we are given in the Holy Liturgy, mirroring the encounter of St. Symeon with Christ celebrated in the Feast. It is because of this encounter which we have now in the liturgy that we have the hope –even a foretaste – of that great and final encounter with Christ at His second and glorious coming.
After breakfast, the second plenery session of the Institute began with a focus on the phychosomatic health of the clergy and their families in North America and Europe. Supporting his lecture with information gathered among clergy of the Church of Greece and the Greek Orthodox Archdiocese of America, Fr. Vasilios delineated three primary areas of stress on modern clergy. The focus areas included external pressures arising the the particular nature of the priesthood, internal issues arising from the personality and psychological makeup of the priest and his family members as well as the interelational issues of the priest with parishioners, fellow clergy members and his family.
According to the reference studies utilized by Fr. Vasilios, clergy represent a high risk group for psychosomatic illnesses and can be compared to physicians, nurses and teachers in terms of higher probablities of burnout and mental of physical breakdowns. He further elaborated on specific stress areas which can range from internal conflict arising from an inability of the clergy to cope with the great extremes of information and emotions he can be privy to within the course of single day, to personality issues resulting from subtle forms of narcicism, to breakdown of essential relationships within family or parish.
Following the session, a lengthy Q & A session dealt with a wide range of questions. Many of the questions focused on the diffuculties arising in the field of interparish relationships. Having served as a parish priest for 30 years, Fr. Vasileios indicated that the importance of finding a balance between extreme reactions was crucial in alleviating many of the more common stress reactions in clergy. The issue of what makes for a healthy priest and clergy family was also a key theme. Fr. Vasilios reminded that participants that this question is directly related to the overall health of the local Church. If there are healthy young men and women within the Church the likelihood of healthy clergy is much higher. His Grace Bishop Irinej spoke about the practice within the Serbian Church of –by neccessity –placing newly ordained priests within parishes and having them play the role of confessor immediately. Fr. Vasilios then spoke at length about the potential downfalls of such a situation. Being forced to deal so explicitely and so early with parishioners issues can lead to an underdeveloped personality within the priest –a sort of false or public „person“ can develop which hinders the actuall spiritual and human development within the priest.
STS. SEBASTIAN AND MARDARIJE ORTHODOX INSTITUTE III - DAY ONE
Clergy and faithful filled the St. George Serbian Church in San Diego, the host church of the 3rd Annual Sts. Sebastian and Mardarije Orthodox Institute, for the morning Orthos service on Tuesday, February 14, 2017, the feast day of the Holy Martyr Tryhon of Phrygia. Orthros was served by Hieromonk Fr. Platon (Jovic), a visiting monk from the Diocese of Banja Luka.
His Grace Bishop Maxim of the Western American Diocese welcomed all clergy and laity, many of whom were attending from other dioceses. He welcomed His Grace Bishop Irinej of the Eastern American Diocese who also greeted everyone at the beginning of this multi-day event. V. Rev. Dobrivoje Milunovic, president of the Clergy Brotherhood of the Serbian Orthodox Church, greeted the Instittue on behalf of the Brotherhood. Finally, Fr. Damascene introduced this year's speaker Rev. Fr. Vasileios Thermos, MD, PhD.
Before Fr. Vasileios began his first plenary session he spent a few moments reflecting on his personal connection with Serbia and the Serbian people which began while he was a young student of medicine. He had the opportunity and blessing of meeting Fr. Justin Popovic, of blessed memory, a year before his repose. It was on that occasion that Fr. Justin gifted to him a small Divine Liturgy service book in which he inscribed a small note, a gift which he treasures to this day.
The title of the first session was: Addiction and the person: A Psychological and Theological Approach. Addiction is most commonly associated with dependence on substances like drugs and alcohol, but more broadly it may refer to any behavior that is compulsive and brings adverse consequences to the person and/or to others. In the scientific literature it has been characterized as a disorder of the brain’s reward system. What would be the closest equivalent in Patristic literature to the modern concept of addiction? While this of course is open to discussion, it seems that what we call addiction might be what the Fathers call the last stage in the growth of a passion. In the Patristic schema of the development of a passion, first comes the provocation of the tempting thought, then the conjunction of the thought with the feelings, then the joining or agreement of the will. If one does not pull back at this point, the thought becomes a habit and the mind is constantly preoccupied with the object of the passionate urge. Finally, in the last stage, the person falls into the captivity of the urge. As St. Nilus of Sora wrote in the fourteenth century, this last stage, captivity, “is what the Fathers truly call ‘passion.’” St. Nilus says, “It is when after a long time a certain thought becomes nested within the soul, and, like a habit, becomes a part of a person’s own nature. He has freely allowed it to enter within himself, so now he is continually disturbed by [it]…. Repeatedly a phantasm is presented to the troubled soul, which is willy-nilly attracted to it more than to all other thoughts.”
This Patristic understanding of the final stage of a passion as captivity ties in with some of the key points made by Fr. Vasileios in his article, “If Addiction Is an Answer, Then What Was the Question?” Here, looking at the question of addiction from a theological framework, Fr. Vasileios discusses it within the context of human freedom. First, he points out the paradox of our own times, when we have struggled to achieve such freedom and independence, and at the same time have demonstrated such an amazing willingness to subjugate our internal human freedom to all kinds of addictions, many of them unknown in the past. Secondly, he argues that addictions are rooted in the urge to control, which becomes an obsession, resulting in the person paradoxically having an illusion of control but in reality being enslaved by the addictive behavior. Put another way, the person seeks control while engaging in rewarding stimuli, and has the illusion of being able to cease this engagement. Such an urge for and illusion of control are incompatible with real relationships. As Fr. Vasileios observes, “A real relationship is unpredictable and not subject to control, and this is exactly what the addict wishes to avoid…. A true relationship is synonymous with freedom.”
Framed in this way, the way out of the mire of addiction becomes clear. In Orthodox theology we know that man was created to be in relationship -- in communion -- with God and with other human beings. In Fr. Vasileios’ article on addiction, which I found very helpful, he expands this theme, discussing the problem and its solution, and providing advice for pastoral care. In this talk we look forward to hearing more insights on this topic.
St. Sebastian & Mardarije Orthodox Institute III PSYCHOLOGY IN THE SERVICE OF GOD Day One: Addiction and the Person: A Psychological and Theological Approach
First Orthodox Liturgy on Yucatán Peninsula
Created on Sunday, 12 February 2017 16:51
Прва православна Литургија на полуострву Јукатану (Мексико)
Мисија Српске Цркве у Мексику постоји тек од почетка 21. века, али већ има две православне заједнице. Једна се налази у Мексико Ситију и постоји као мисионарска парохија Светог Николаја Жичког, која је основана 2013. године. Друга је сасвим новија, и налази се на полуострву Јукатану, где живи и ради значајан број православних Срба.
Прву и историјску Литургију нашим православним верницима на полуострву Јукатан у Карипском мору служио је у недељу 12. фебруара 2017. године Епископ Западноамерички Максим, уз саслужење протојереја Блашка Параклиса, администратора за Мексико, и протојереја-ставрофора Лазара Васиљевића. Благодарећи доброти и гостопримству великог добротвора г. Љубомира Крстајића Метохијца, а уз помоћ Александре Ненадић, те Саше Милојевића и Неде Кекић, служена је Света Литургија у 10 часова ујутру, у посебној сали хотела Azul Sensatori.
Православни Срби који живе на полуострву Јукатан, били су благовремено обавештени о овој посети. На овој служби присуствовало је више од 40 душа, међу њима и деце, међу њима и неколицина православних и инославних Мексиканаца, а многи православни су се исповедили и причестили. После Свете Литургије уследило је дружење, разговор и међусобно упознавање, уз послужење које су припремили домаћини. Сви верници су добили на поклон иконице, крстиће, бројанице и књижице теолошке и духовне садржине, као и сликовнице за децу. Монографија Хришћанско наслеђе Косова и Метохије (Севастијан прес 2015) је посебно представљена и остављена на поклон домаћину-добротвору који је својевремено био и спонзор ове драгоцене публикације.
Епископ Максим и свештеници Блашко и Лазар су поучили вернике о вери и спасењу у Цркви, о српском светосављу, а посебно је било речи о томе да је Света Литургија средиште нашег хришћанског живота и сабирања те да се сабрању кроз причешће Телом Христовим сједињујемо са Богом, са нашим ближњима и са целокупним светом. Присутни су изразили жељу за скором новом посетом и редовнијим богослужбеним животом, а помињана је и потреба превођења православних богословских и духовних књига на шпански језик. У плану је следећа посета током текуће године.
Поједини верници који су имали времена сусрели су се на мексичким Карибима са Владиком Максимом и свештеником Блашком и пре недељног дана.Слободна и суверена држава, Јукатан је једна од 31 држава које скупа са Мексико Ситијем сачињавају 32 федерална ентитета Мексика.
Православна Црква и православни у Мексику имају благослове неколицине епископа, од којих тројица живе у Мексику: митрополит Атинагора (Васељенска патријаршија), митрополит Антоније (Антиохијска патријаршија) и архиепископ Алехо (Америчка православна црква), док руски владика Кирил из Сан Франциска и Епископ Максим из Лос Анђелеса долазе у годишње посете. Укупни број православних у овој земљи је непознат, али се верује да их има најмање педесет хиљада.
SerbFest in Arcadia, California
Created on Saturday, 04 February 2017 22:29
SerbFest 2017 in Arcadia, California was a great success! Guests enjoyed live music, delicious food, dancing, and fellowship. This was the parish's first Serbfest which was held on Saturday and Sunday, February 4-5, 2017. Many parishioners and guests from neighboring parishes and the local community came to enjoy the festivitives.